Misc

The BASt (the German Federal Highway Research Institute) has published a WIVW report on automatic emergency braking systems for motorbikes, which can be downloaded here free and is available with an English abstract:

The aim of the project “Autonomous emergency braking for motorcycles” was to determine the limits of the applicability of such systems. Besides the physical limits, it is also necessary to consider the limits determined by the rider capabilities. The rider is an integral part of the unstable rider-vehicle-system and needs to be able to control the intervention of an emergency braking system as otherwise destabilization or even a fall can occur. [...]

Studies were conducted, showing that with suitable autonomous braking interventions, the initial speed can almost be reduced to half before the rider even starts to apply the brakes. Simulator experiments showed that warning elements can have a positive influence on the rider reaction.

The WIVW is represented at the 14th International Motorcycle Conference, which takes place from 3rd to 4th October in the context of INTERMOT in Cologne with two contributions :

  • Motorcycle Rider Reaction Times as Response to Visual Warning
  • Safety Potential of Data Glasses for Motorcyclists

More information about the conference can be found here.

 

The WIVW published a new article in Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour:

  • Relation between riding pleasure and vehicle dynamics - Results from a motorcycle field test

Within the first 50 days, the article can be downloaded here free of charge.

Since February 2022, WIVW is member of the scientific steering committee of the Institute for Motorcycle Safety (ifz), thereby supporting the biannual International Motorcycle Conference.

Additional information can be found here.

While driving simulators are a commonly used tool for a wide range of safety-relevant research topics in the passenger car sector, motorcycle riding simulators are currently less prevalent. In order to get an overview of possible applications of motorcycle simulators, a validation methodology for driving simulators was developed within the scope of the research project "Possible applications of motorcycle simulators" (BASt FE 82.0700/2018) in cooperation with FZD of the TU Darmstadt, which was tested on the static motorcycle simulator of the WIVW and the dynamic DESMORI motorcycle simulator of the WIVW.

The methodology makes the assumption that use-case-specific driving tasks of simulators can be broken down into smaller components, so-called minimum scenarios, and conversely, complex driving tasks can be reconstructed from minimum scenarios. Therefore, the two simulators were compared to two test motorcycles within two studies. In a first step, the minimum scenarios were investigated regarding parameters of riding dynamics, rider behavior, and rider workload. The second study investigated more complex, use-case-specific riding tasks under examination of the aforementioned parameters. The studies showed comparable simulator characteristics between the investigation of the minimum scenarios and the complex use-case-scenarios. Thus, the applicability of the developed method can be assumed, whereby the potential applications for a wide range of research questions can be assessed for the respective simulator.

The full report can be downloaded free of charge here.

The aim of the project FE 82.0710/2018 “Corner Fear”, which was carried out by the Department of Automotive Engineering (FZD) of the Technical University of Darmstadt (TU­DA), the Würzburg Institute of Transportation Sciences GmbH (WIVW) and Auto Mobil Forschung Dresden GmbH (AMFD), was to analyse the leaning positions of motorcyclists in everyday life and in dangerous situations for a variety of riders. The existence of a so-called lean angle threshold could be confirmed. Future work should focus on how these results can be transferred in increased motorcycle rider safety. The full report can be downloaded free of charge here.

In the EU-funded L3Pilot project, WIVW has published a study on mobility impacts of highly automated driving in cooperation with VTT Technical Research Center of Finland in the peer-reviewed Transportation (Springer) journal. The publication with the title

  • Travel experience matters: Expected personal mobility impacts after simulated L3/L4 automated driving

is available here

As a result of the works of the WIVW within the project EMotion, a peer-reviewed open access paper was published. The work entitled

  • Towards the Future of Sustainable Mobility: Results from a European Survey on (Electric) Powered-Two Wheelers

is available in the  special issue "Perspectives on the Role of Powered Two-Wheelers in Future Road Transport" of the journal Sustainability and is available here for free.

In cooperation with Prof. Martin Baumann of the University of Ulm, the WIVW has published a study on the effects of sleep on driving behavior and take-over performance in automated driving in the internationally renowned journal Accident Analysis and Prevention:

  • Sleep inertia in automated driving: Post-sleep take-over and driving performance.

The article is available for free for a limited time here.

Today, the Connected Motorcycle Consortium (CMC) unveiled its Basic Specification containing research results, White Papers, requirements, technical specifications, definitions, test reports, guidelines, recommendations... regarding Powered Two-Wheeler C-ITS. WIVW contributed to human factors related topics such as the HMI Guideline for C-ITS Applications.

The documents of the Basic Specification can be found here.

 

 

The WIVW published a new article in the Journal of Applied Ergonomics:

  • Relation between riding pleasure and vehicle dynamics - Results from a motorcycle field test

Within the first 50 days, the article can be downloaded here free of charge.

The WIVW attends the 22rd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction 2020 (HCII) with the following presentation:

  • A Methodological Approach to Determine the Benefits of External HMI During Interactions Between Cyclists and Automated Vehicles: A Bicycle Simulator Study

The virtual conference is held from 19th to 24rd of July. The conference homepage can be found here.

The WIVW published a study on sleep inertia countermeasures during highly automated driving in the journal Information. The open-access-version entitled

  • Sleep Inertia Countermeasures in Automated Driving: A Concept of Cognitive Stimulation

can be downloaded here for free.

At the 11th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE) the WIVW will present the follwoing two works:

  •  How important is the plausibility of test scenarios within usability studies for AV HMI? and
  • Automated driving on the motorway: A users' perspective on conditional versus high automation

The conference will take place on 16 – 21th July. Due to the current pandemic, it is scheduled as a virtual event. All presentations can be accessed live by registered participants or recordings of the presentations can be downloaded afterwards. The link to the conference page can be found here.

A new study by WIVW authors has been published in the international journal Accident Analysis und Prevention. The paper is entitled "Sleep in highly automated driving: Takeover performance after waking up".

In a special issue by the Journal Information entitled "Test and Evaluation Methods for Human-Machine Interfaces of Automated Vehicles", an article authored by scientists from the WIVW GmbH and the Audi AG has been published. The article entitled 

  • Methodological Considerations Concerning Motion Sickness Investigations during Automated Driving

 can be downloaded here.

A current special issue of Safety Science, which deals with the research method of naturalistic driving studies, just published methodological considerations on naturalistic riding studies for Powered Two-Wheelers, authored by the WIVW.


The paper with the title

  • Methodological considerations regarding motorcycle naturalistic riding investigations based on the use of g-g diagrams for rider profile detection

can be accessed here for the next 50days for free.

A current special issue of the open-access journal Information, which deals with the topic of test and evaluation methods for human-machine interfaces of automated vehicles, just published a test procedure developed by the WIVW aiming at the standardization of the usability assessment of external Human-Machine Interfaces for automated vehicles.


The paper with the title

  • Standardized Test Procedure for External Human–Machine Interfaces of Automated Vehicles

can be accessed here.

The recent volume of the journal Traffic Injury Prevention contains an open access published literature review on active safety systems for powered two-wheelers created with WIVW contribution.
The paper titled

  • Active safety systems for powered two-wheelers: A systematic review

can be found here.

Clinical assessments in the field of traffic medicine are a crucial topic and are becoming increasingly important, especially regarding the intake of medication and driving. Here you can watch an interview on this topic by expert Yvonne Kaußner (WIVW) und Andreas Grund (GCP Service).